Product: Cholera Toxin (AZIDE-FREE) from Vibrio cholerae
Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily plays an important role in the xenobiotic metabolism and disposition. It has been reported that CAR regulates the expression of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters in the intestine, such as multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2/3 (MRP2 and MRP3). In this study, we investigated the role of CAR in the regulation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-mediated chloride transport in T84 human colonic epithelial cells and mouse intestinal tissues. Treatments of T84 cell monolayers with specific CAR agonists (CITCO and phenytoin at concentrations of 1 μM and 5 μM, respectively) for 24 h decreased transepithelial Cl− secretion in response to cAMP-dependent agonist. This inhibition was abolished by coincubation of CITCO with a CAR antagonist, CINPA1. We confirmed that an inhibitory effect of CAR agonists was not due to their cytotoxicity. Basolateral membrane permeabilization experiments also revealed that activation of CAR decreased apical Cl− current stimulated by both CPT-cAMP and genistein (a direct CFTR activator). Such activation also reduced both mRNA and protein expression of CFTR. Furthermore, CITCO decreased cholera toxin (CT)-induced Cl− secretion across T84 cell monolayers. In ICR mice, administration of TCPOBOP (3 mg/kgBW), a murine-specific CAR agonist, for 7 days produced significant decreases in CFTR mRNA and protein expressions in intestinal tissues. Interestingly, TCPOBOP also inhibited CT-induced intestinal fluid accumulation in mice. This is the first evidence showing that CFTR was downregulated by CAR activation in the intestine. Our findings suggest that CAR has potential as a new drug target for treatment of condition with hyperactivity/ hyperfunction of CFTR especially secretory diarrheas.