List Labs Botulinum Neurotoxin Citations Infographic

October 2, 2018
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List Labs scours the internet monthly, looking for citations referencing our products. We are highly intrigued by, and love to investigate the different ways researchers use our products. Scientists world-wide have used our toxins for research and have produced interesting…

Origins of Botulinum Toxin Types – Bacterial Species

September 19, 2018
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By: T.J. Smith The answer as to whether the botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT)-producing bacteria comprised six separate species required a complete revolution in microbial classification.  Up to the turn of the last century, bacterial differentiations were based on morphological characteristic and…

Bacterial Toxin Terminology

July 23, 2018
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By: Mary N. Wessling, Ph.D. ELS In this blog we will unravel the terminology describing bacterial toxins. In general, there are at least three ways that bacterial toxins are described in the literature: by their biological designation—the genus and/or species…

Origins of Botulinum Toxin Types | List Labs

July 16, 2018
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By: T.J. Smith Origins of Botulinum Toxin Types – relationships between toxins and the bacteria that produce them Soon after the discovery that botulism was caused by a toxin, multiple toxin types were identified. Initial characterizations were based mainly on…

Staphylococcal Enterotoxin Type B (SEB) Toxin in Research

July 11, 2018
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By: Karen Crawford, PhD. President, List Labs Staphylococcal enterotoxin type B (SEB) is a powerful player in the family of toxins; in scientific terms, a superantigen.  This enterotoxin binds to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules on antigen-presenting cells…