Category Archives: Botulinum Toxin

See posts about List Labs’ botulinum toxins.

List Labs Botulinum Neurotoxin Citations Infographic

October 2, 2018
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List Labs scours the internet monthly, looking for citations referencing our products. We are highly intrigued by, and love to investigate the different ways researchers use our products. Scientists world-wide have used our toxins for research and have produced interesting…

Origins of Botulinum Toxin Types – Bacterial Species

September 19, 2018
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By: T.J. Smith The answer as to whether the botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT)-producing bacteria comprised six separate species required a complete revolution in microbial classification.  Up to the turn of the last century, bacterial differentiations were based on morphological characteristic and…

Origins of Botulinum Toxin Types | List Labs

July 16, 2018
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By: T.J. Smith Origins of Botulinum Toxin Types – relationships between toxins and the bacteria that produce them Soon after the discovery that botulism was caused by a toxin, multiple toxin types were identified. Initial characterizations were based mainly on…

Origins of Botulinum Toxin Types – Toxin Serotypes

May 29, 2018
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By: T.J. Smith Following a botulism outbreak due to contaminated ham that severely sickened 10 and resulted in the death of three people in Ellezelles, Belgium, a review and case study on botulism was published by a researcher named Emile…

Toxoids, Toxins and Vaccine Related Terminology

March 19, 2018
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By: Mary N. Wessling, Ph.D. ELS List Biological Laboratories’ (List Labs) catalog of products is related to furthering research in human health and preventing disease, most commonly as the starting materials for vaccine research & development or production around the world….